Opendesk’s Tools of the Trade

Furniture platform Opendesk runs through seven essential router bits that are used to manufacture their furniture around the world.

Opendesk is an online platform for local making. They’re changing the way products are designed and made by connecting customers to manufacturing workshops around the world; making furniture as close as possible to where it’s needed through digital fabrication tools. Opendesk’s maker network is made up of independent workshops all over the world ranging in size from 1 person garage shops to larger factories. Any workshop with a suitable 8’x4’ CNC router can join the network for free, but a three-stage on-boarding process must be completed before you can start quoting on jobs. Find out more about signing up as a maker on Opendesk here.

Opendesk’s furniture is made primarily using CNC machines – essentially large computer-controlled drills – which use many types of ‘router bits’ to cut material in different ways. It’s impossible to run through them all, so here’s seven key router bits that are regularly used by makers to manufacture Opendesk furniture.

opendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-IMG_6549

opendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-6-8mm_downcutter6mm/ 8mm down-cutter

Generally used for a first pass, this bit forces material down so to create a clean cut on the top surface of the material. Notice the spiral flutes running downwards. If the bit goes through the material, there is a danger it will force the grain to split and rip out on the opposite side. Ideally, a space between the material and the cutting table is necessary to clear dust away, otherwise, a fire could break out with the build-up of compressed saw dust.  

Solid Carbide Spiral Flute Plunge – Downcut Router Bits

opendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-6-8mm_upcutter6mm/ 8mm up-cutter

Opposite to the down-cutter, this tool’s flutes rotate in the opposite direction, forcing material up and away from the material. If this cutter is used for the first pass the top surface may rip out, causing unpleasant splintering around the cut area. The tool is best used after a down cutter to cut through the material, eliminating tear out on the opposite face. Ideally used on machines with a vacuum bed, this cutter allows a very good surface finish when used in combination with a down-cutter router bit.  

Solid Carbide Spiral Flute Plunge – Upcut Router Bits

opendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-compression-cutter6mm – 8mm compression cutter

Possibly the most common router bit used to manufacture Opendesk furniture. This tool combines the down-cutter and up-cutter into a single router bit. The bottom 6mm of the bit features up-cutting flutes with the rest of the bit featuring down-cutting flutes. Notice the bottom section of the tool spiraling upwards with the section above rotating downwards. This tool can cut many materials in one pass with the opposing flute direction preventing chipping or fuzzing on the top and bottom of the cut. Because the saw dust is compressed at the bottom of the cut, components are packed in place tightly meaning they do not move on the machine bed.

Solid Carbide Compression Spiral CNC Router Bits with Spektra™ Coatingopendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-skimming-toolSkimming/Rebate bits

These tools are great for skimming off a thin layer of material over large surface areas. Thanks to their large diameter they are able to cut very quickly. On Opendesk products, these tool bits are used to remove laminates from components that need to be glued together. Typically, they only cut to a depth of between 1 mm/ 2 mm in order to leave the bare wood beneath the laminate untouched.

Insert Spoilboard Surfacing, Rabbeting, Flycutter, Slab Leveler, Surface Planer and Bed Skimming Router Bit with Scorers, 2 + 2 Design

Mini Insert Spoilboard Surfacing, Rabbeting, Flycutter, Slab Leveler, Surface Planer and Bed Skimming Router Bit with Scorers, 2 + 2 Designopendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-chamfer-tool45 degree chamfer bit

A chamfer bit or ‘V bit’ is commonly used to create an angled edge. On Opendesk furniture, the tool is used to give table top edges an angled finish. They can also be used to reduce the sharpness of laminates and brittle materials by softening the edges. Chamfer bits are available in many angles with the most common being 45 degrees.

V-Groove CNC Router Bits with Solid Carbide Insert Knivesopendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-fillet-toolFillet bit

A fillet bit or ‘rounding bit’ can also be used to give all edges a smooth rounded finish. The size of this rounded edge can be controlled with the depth of the pass. Deeper passes will result in larger rounds. Shallow passes will result in small rounds. Different shapes of round over can be achieved with different fillet bits.

Fillet / Plunge Round OverCNC Router Bitsopendesk-x-toolstoday_tools-of-the-trade_body-image-1mm-engrave-tool1mm engraving bit

These small bits are very fragile and can only cut into material 1-2 mm at a time. The bit must pass through material very slowly to avoid it snapping. Available as an up-cutter or down-cutter, this bit is perfect for detailing. We use them to add logos and other artwork to table tops.

In-Groove™ CNC Insert Engraving Tool Body & Replacement Solid Carbide Insert Knives

 

See the original article on Opendesk

Don’t forget to check out other Opendesk articles Design for Open Making and CNC machines, Digital woodworking- remastering traditional joints and CNC machines and common cut types.

Photography and animations by Josh Worley

 

 

 

 

 

 

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